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Civil society institutions – one of the most important guarantors of observance of human rights and freedoms

Botschaft Usbekistan, January 4, 2016

Paris hosted the round table dedicated to consideration of experience of Uzbekistan and France in the sphere of civil society development. Diplomatic mission of Uzbekistan in collaboration with Institute of Forecasting and Security in Europe (IPSE) organized this event.

Representatives of sociopolitical, expert-analytical circles and non-state sector of France attended round table.

Event participants familiarized with large-scale measures implemented in Uzbekistan in the sphere of support of development of civil society institutions, consolidation of their role and significance in management of society and state, increase of social, socio-economic activity and legal culture of population, ensuring human rights, freedoms and legitimate interests.

Organizational and legal measures, which were adopted in the framework of implementation of Concept of further deepening of democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, provoked keen interest of French experts.

The participants stressed that adoption of laws "On transparency of state power and management bodies activity", "On ecologic control", "On social partnership" and other legislative acts, which have consolidated substantially the legal guarantees of participation of population, self-management bodies, NGOs and other civil society institutions in management of society and state, laid the solid foundations for new stage of development of civil society.

French experts praised measures on development and support for active participation of NGOs in solution of topical tasks of social, socio-economic and humanitarian development of the country, consolidation of regulatory-legal base of their activity.

Round table participants paid special attention to the outcome of 4th National forum of NGOs of Uzbekistan organized under the motto "With a feeling of involvement in prosperity of Motherland", which was attended by more than 2,5 thousand NGOs.

Along with topical issues of development of civil society in the republic participants of the round table discussed the role and significance of mahalla - the most important institute of local self-management, which is created on the initiative of citizens.

French experts noted that civil society of Uzbekistan has deep historical roots and is based on traditions and spiritual values of Uzbek people. It was emphasized that democratic reformations in the sphere of assistance to establishment and development of civil society institutions must be implemented systematically, consistently and in an evolutionary way, in the light of features of country's development and growth of political-legal culture, social consciousness of the population, must be tightly interconnected with the processes of democratization and modernization of other spheres of social and state building.

President of the Institute for Prospective and Security in Europe (IPSE) Emmanuel Dupuy underlined that leadership of Uzbekistan in practice implements the principle "from strong state - to strong civil society" and provides for the rule of law and strong social support in accordance with Uzbek development model.

Expert noted that NGOs' impact on implementation of effective social control over state structures' activity is being intensified to the extent of formation and consolidation of NGOs potential. If in 1991, only 95 NGOs were functioning in Uzbekistan and then by the end of 2015 the number of such organizations in the country reached 8300. Thanks to policy of reforms and modernization implemented by the leadership of Uzbekistan over the years of independence, at the present time not only the state but also developed system of NGOs and citizens' self-management bodies participate actively in solution of topical issues in the spheres of ecologic stability, citizens healthcare, development of education, physical culture and sport, settlement of disputes and conflicts, rendering of social services and juridical support for citizens.

- Successful development of civil society in Uzbekistan - central state of the region exerts positive influence upon neighboring countries, exemplifies implementation of democratic reforms, processes of modernization and consolidation of the rule of law, E.Dupuy convinced. This exerts long-term stabilizing effect over the whole Central Asia.

Expert noted that leadership of Uzbekistan pays significant attention to the issues of consolidation of social security, rights of women, children and other categories of population, ensuring civil rights and freedoms. Initiatives of the President Islam Karimov in this sphere, including declaration of 2015 the Year of attention and care for senior generation and 2016 the Year of healthy mother and child with the implementation of appropriate state programs, on which year after year considerable financial and technical means are spent, provoke wide international attention and serves as model for other countries.

Director of Paris Institute for Economic Perspectives of the Mediterranean (IPEMED) Amal Chevreau noted:
- In the modern world all states come to the realization of growing role of civil society. This is potent force in developed country alongside with media and entrepreneurship. The state of civil society is indicator of democratic character of the country. The government is responsible for ensuring security, rule of law and social services for population. In my opinion, civil society - is the barometer of citizens' sensation of confidence in the issues of protection of human rights and interests, including vulnerable population groups - women, children, elderly people, youth, national and religious minorities.

In order to ensure stability in the country it is important to enable society to show its worth, and this is well understood and taken into consideration in Uzbekistan. It is pleasant that your country carries out the policy of support for civil society formation.

Another important factor is state support for development of small business. Economic policy of Uzbekistan includes a whole range of measures on development of private entrepreneurship - a powerful engine of economy of any country. If large-scale enterprise is able to protect its interests, then small businesses, which ensure the growth of people's income, creation of new job places and long-term employment of people, need support from the state. This sector reflects the state of civil society and influences upon it. That's why the measures taken in this direction in Uzbekistan deserve high appraisal.

It is remarkable that in Uzbekistan at the expense of putting into operation of new enterprises and outpacing development of small business and private entrepreneurship just over the last 5 years nearly 5 million new job places have been created.

Expert at the Institute for Prospective and Security in Europe (IPSE) Patricia Lalonde focused attention on the reforms and programs implemented in Uzbekistan, which are aimed at protection of women rights and interests, increasing their social role.

- Uzbekistan is one of the most secure countries of the world for women, both from the point of view of protection of their life, health and well-being, and by ensuring their equality in rights and active participation in economy and politics, P.Lalonde noted. - Uzbekistan ratified the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and joined in other basic international documents, which regulate principles and norms of protection of their rights in the light of international standards. National legislation for reaching gender equality has been formed in the country; conditions for all-round development and advancement of women have been created.

The authorities carry out serious and large-scale measures on consolidation of family institution, protection of legal and socio-economic interests of women and children. In Uzbekistan the problem of the early marriages has been obviated practically, the state and civil institutions conduct effective measures for ensuring girls and women access to special education and obtaining profession, assistance to their formation as harmoniously developed personality capable to create stable family.

On the outcome of discussion expert gave an interview to Jahon LA., wherein she told that French expert community with great interest familiarized with the results of work of 4th National forum of NGOs of Uzbekistan.

- We satisfyingly note that your country carries out dynamic building of strong civil society on clearly defined democratic principles, she emphasized. Especially, I want to note the activity of recreated NGOs, which carry out their work in the spheres of healthcare, education, ensuring women rights, ecology and environmental protection.

Thereupon I want to note especially the activity of NGOs, which make efforts in ensuring women rights. This is particularly important because of women's invaluable contribution to the future of country and whole humanity. The President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov eloquently told about this in his statement at solemn meeting dedicated to 23r anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Thereupon it is vital to tell about high political activity of Uzbekistan's women. Actual legislation of the country set for them 30 percent quota out of general number of candidates to deputies, who are nominated from political party into parliament of the republic, that is a clear example for many developed countries.

Great attention is paid to the issues of active role of women in business environment, development of entrepreneurship, ensuring employment.

On the whole, Uzbekistan can be a model for many countries of the world in the issues of civil society building, and, in particularly, ensuring active role of women in this process.

Source: Jahon Information Agency, Paris

Original-Inhalt von Botschaft Usbekistan und übermittelt von Botschaft Usbekistan